Skincare

How to get rid of hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is the overproduction of melanin which can be caused by different factors. Depending on the depth of the pigmentation the time it takes to remove it may vary, there are no quick fixes to this type of skin problem. However, there are certain things that you can do to speed up the process of getting rid of the hyperpigmentation and clearing up the skin. The key to fixing this issue is patience and the daily skincare routine.

Hyperpigmentation can be caused by various factors, such as:

  • Exposure to the sun
  • Damage from injury, surgery, cuts
  • Hormonal changes
  • Oestrogen and progesterone
  • Improper hair removal
  • Genetics
  • Allergic reactions

Natural Treatments

If you are not looking for expensive products, chemicals or just anything that isn’t natural, here are some natural remedies, that can be effective and easily available.

#1 – Aloe Vera

Aloe vera has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties, which helps kill bacteria growing on the skin, help treat infections, removes dead skin and removes excess oil from pores. Aloe Vera also contains anthraquinone which helps to remove dead skin cells and brighten skin overall. Along with helping to decrease hyperpigmentation, it keeps skin healthy.

#2 – Almond Oil

Rich in vitamins A, B, and E and fatty acids, almond oil helps to clean & tighten pores, moisturize skin, exfoliate dead skin cells, and regeneration of new skin. This regeneration causes the skin to lighten over time, reducing dark spots.

#3 – Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar help restore the skin’s natural color. The beta-carotene in this vinegar helps to treat damage on the skin.

#4 – Cucumber juice

Cucumber juice can help to remove hyperpigmentation, fade blemishes and lighten dark spots.

What to look for in products

When looking into over-the-counter skincare products to treat hyperpigmentation there are key ingredients to keep an eye out for that will be effective.

  • kojic acid
  • AHA exfoliators
  • arbutin
  • ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
  • azelaic acid
  • licorice extract
  • tranexamic acid

These ingredients are best paired with a retinol.  When using AHA keep in mind that a strong exfoliation product has the potential to make hyperpigmentation worse.

Skin brightening creams can also be used to slow down melanin production and reduce the current melanin in the skin. (Be mindful of skin lightening creams as some can be dangerous!)

Supplements to use

There are supplements that can be incorporated into a skincare routine that can help reduce the appearance of dark spots and strengthen the skin.

Vitamin C – helps regenerate skin, reduce the appearance of wrinkles, promoting healthy and glowing skin.

Vitamin E – helps to protect the skin against environmental damage that leads to hyperpigmentation and dullness.

Coenzyme Q10 – helps to prevent cellular damage.

Tips For Reducing Hyperpigmentation

Besides using these treatments for hyperpigmentation, it is important to keep your routine, stay patient, and hydrated.

Avoid Excess Sun Exposure
Sun exposure can make hyperpigmentation worse, so it is important to protect your skin by using sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30.

Eat A Healthy Diet
Diet has a huge influence on the health of your skin. Including a range of green leafy vegetables, various fruits, and drinking a lot of water can be beneficial to your skin. Getting the all the vitamins that your body needs such as vitamin A, B, C and dietary fiber can help cleanse the body of toxins and strengthen cells.

Cut out polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) which make you susceptible to free radicals causing skin cell damage.

 

Be Clean
Proper hygiene is the base of solving any skin problem. Without proper hygiene it’s not possible for any treatment or routine to work. Keep your face clean, wash your hands before touching your face, shower in lukewarm water, use soap, etc.

If your condition is serious, then it is suggested that you consult a doctor or dermatologist as at home remedies may not be suitable for you.

Sources:
Why Is Hyperpigmentation So Hard To Get Rid Of? by ASKANESTHETICIAN’S BLOG (2016)

A Dermatologist Explains How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation by Hadley Mendelsohn (2018)

Everything You Need to Know on How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation by Sabrina Thompson

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